Energy source: introverts recharge themselves by getting away on their own, or with one or two very close friends - being with lots of other people drains them. Extroverts on the other hand derive energy from being around other people - silence or inactivity drains them.
Processing: Introverts need time and space to think, and will often have their best thoughts long after a meeting has finished. Extroverts tend to enjoy thinking out loud, and will develop their ideas in a group discussion.
Depth or Breadth: Introverts tend to have a small number of very deep relationships, struggle with small talk and don't enjoy meeting new people. Extroverts tend to have a larger number of friends, many of whom they won't actually know that well, and love meeting new people
All of these are generalisations, but can be helpful in understanding oursleves. I have to admit to being a bit of a mixture of introvert and extrovert. I'm definitely recharged by being on my own, and find chatting to dozens of different people on a Sunday drains me of energy. However, I also love to think out loud and enjoy doing things like questions and answer sessions, which is more extrovert behaviour. My Myers-Briggs results always have me as an extrovert (I'm an ENTP for anyone who is interested), but I definitely relate to lots of the introverted traits.
All that to say that I was recently lent a book by Leon Johnson looking at how introverts fit into church life. The basic premise of the book is that most churches are designed for extroverts. Everything from Sunday meetings (with little space for quiet or contemplation) to small groups (where we expect people to share their lives in front of relative strangers) mitigate against inteoverts expressing who they really are.
I found the whole book fascinating and challenging in a number of ways:
- How do we continue to move away from a "one size fits all" strategy for small groups, acknowledging all sorts of diversity in what different people need from a small group
- How do we make more space for contemplation and silence in a Sunday gathering
- How do I personally make sure I don't get drained by spending all my time with people
- How do we recognise that introverts have as much to bring as extroverts in leadership, but may need things to be structured differently to get the best out of them
If you do read it I'd love to hear your reflections (immediately from the extroverts, or two weeks later from the introverts!).